Lyngsat for Beginners

Satellites and Orbital Positions on Lyngsat

To all Free to Air Satellite enthusiasts and Professional Satellite dish installers all over the world, is a very important website to get useful information. In very simple English this tutorial will teach you how lyngsat works and how to use it. Even Globecast, the international Telecommunications giant from France uses lyngsat. And now you will be a professional too thanks to the many illustrations.

When you first log in to this is part of the image you will see.

Screen clipping of lyngsat main page


Now since I live in Kenya, I wrote this for people living specifically in the Sub-Saharan region of Africa. The place to go after this is to click where the row Satellites and column 73E - 0E meet, the Europe link. Notice that if you live in Sub-Sahara Africa the list of satellites recievable are mainly located in the Europe and Atlantic links on the Satellites row. So you can also click in the Atlantic link on the Satellites row instead of Europe. But for the purposes of this tutorial just go with Europe:-

After clicking on Europe this is what you will get. Notice that it now lists Europe, Africa and Middle East at the top.

Europe, Africa and Middle East  list of satellites.

Now there is a big list that starts from 72.1 deg East (Intelsat 22) to 3.1 deg East (Rascom QAF 1R). Notice the different colours mostly the main green and yellow. You will know what they mean later.

The 72.1E is the Orbital Position and Intelsat 22 is the satellite name. Take a moment to look at the names of the different satellites and their positions. Can you name the Dstv or Zuku satellite? I'll give you a hint 36 deg East and 4.9 deg East respectively.

Now at the bottom of the lyngsat website you will encounter the following bar expalaining what the different colours mean. To a beginner in the Free to Air satellite world the most important coilours to note are green, yellow light brown.

Colour codes on lyngsat

The green codes represent satellites that offer Ku band and the Yellow codes represent the C & Ku band satellites. And finally the light brown colour code represents C band Satellites.

Answer of my earlier question. Can you name the Dstv or Zuku satellite? My hint of 36 deg East and 4.9 deg may have confused you since under the orbital positions 36E AND 4.9E there are a number of satellites. This is so because the satellites are close together that they are receivable one earth using a single satellite dish. The correct answers are Eutelsat 36B and SES5 respectively. Now if you click on the 36 deg East link, you will be directed to a list of all channels on the satellites Eutelsat 36A and Eutelsat 36B. But if you choose to click on the individual satellite names then you will be directed to the individuals list of channels and providers.

Now trace the orbital position 7 deg East and click on it or the satellite name Eutelsat 7A, its the same link since there is only one satellite on that orbital position. You will get the following at the top will be the satellite name and Orbital Position.

top satellite page of Eutelsat 7A

Now let us jump to a recievable transponder frequency in most of Sub-Sahara Africa inclusive of Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda, Congo, Malawi, Zambia e.t.c. The Transponder frequency is 12645 H 30000.

lyngsat expoded view illustration


I think with the arrows everything has been explained. The next tutorial is about Frequencies, Symbol Rates, FEC rate and an introduction to satellite beams. The most important thing to note while searching for free to air channels is the Language and Beam. A good free to air satellite receiver will handle the rest (frequency, symbol rate, FEC rate and PIDs) provided your dish is pointed at that direction.

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Written by Gichane
Saturday, March 15, 2014